International transit companies are the executives for the transit of goods, which for a variety of reasons, including the lack of banking facilities to modernize the fleet and the lack of protection of these companies in the customs law, have many problems to serve.
Transit, transit or passage is in fact the transfer of goods from the inbound and outbound Customs to exit the authorized or delivered customs or other customs-controlled premises under both internal and external customs procedures referred to in Article 47 of the Customs Act. Is. Transit of goods is one of the alternative sources of oil revenues in the implementation of a resilient economy and business prosperity. In the importance of transit (transit) of goods through the territory of the Islamic Republic of Iran, the supreme leader in paragraph 10 of his policies in the resisting economy expanded foreign trade services and needed transit and infrastructure as one of the comprehensive means of supporting export of goods and services. Proportionally value added and net worth positive.
In spite of the importance of international transit and transportation of goods in the country, due to the lack of serious support for this industry, unfortunately the country not only failed to show its position in the economic arena but also had a downward trend, but only if laws and support were flowing. From this industry (transients) this huge resource can be accessed in the coming years.
International transit companies are the executives for the transit of goods, which for a variety of reasons, including the lack of banking facilities to modernize the fleet and the lack of protection of these companies in the customs law, have many problems to serve. However, it is the responsibility of the transit companies only to transit the goods from the customs office of origin to the final destination or exit.
Doing transit operations
Two things happen every time a cargo arrives at the customs office of entry:
The first case: the goods are fixed at the same customs office of admission for temporary admission, temporary admission for processing, re-entry or payment of entry fees and other customs formalities (Article 47 of the Customs Code).
The second case: The goods are transported to other customs of the country (customs offices). The consignment may have internal transit when the final destination of the goods is not in the incoming customs consignment and the owner of the consignment in the consignment states the transit order and the name of the transit company or the customs office of origin agrees to the written request of the applicant. (Article 60 of the Customs Code)
In transit, the transit companies declare the cargo for customs clearance and send it to the destination customs office with positive documents provided by the owner of the goods. After completing these formalities and submitting the guarantee through the terminals (cargo declaration) the vehicle will ship and send the cargo to the final customs office. As a matter of fact, the main task of the international shipping companies as a trustee of the Customs Administration of the Islamic Republic of Iran is to ship the cargo in a sealed container from the customs office of origin to the customs office so that the goods will not enter the market without payment of import duties.
Where’s the problem?
Problems can be summarized in three respects in terms of responsibility, as follows:
A – Transit companies declare cargo according to the positive documentation provided to them by the owners of the goods. These companies are not allowed to inspect (freight) in the free and special economic zones such as Shahid Rajaee Customs and should only declare on the basis of positive documentation provided by the owners of the goods, whilst in accordance with the laws of the Customs, all legal consequences And the imposition of quantitative and qualitative (type and number) of goods is imposed upon the transit companies. Is it fair that on the one hand the transit company is not allowed access to goods and inverters and on the other hand it is responsible for the contradiction in the number and type of goods ?!
(B) Another important point is that when the owner of the goods at the destination customs is required to make the final clearance, he must declare the consignment and allow the customs expert to permit clearance immediately after the final evaluation and determination of the entry rights and obtaining the relevant standards; Given this trend, isn’t it just the transit task of preparing a summary statement? Do I have to repeat all the duties of the owner of the goods, including the mandatory and standard declarations and … that will be performed at the final destination, the express shipping company at the origin ?!
(C) After the customs formalities at the origin, the consignment must be carried by the means of transport imposed by the cargo notification system to the transit company under the auspices of the freight forwarding company. It should be noted that the transit company does not even have access to the GPS system of the device, however if the transit carrier is responsible for this error if for any reason, along the route, by the owner, the driver, and other infringing agents. Should he undertake?